DIET With EGGS! Lost 3 KG In Just 3 Days

This 3-day diet will help you lose weight in just one week. During this diet, you should avoid consuming pasta, salt, sugar, fast food, fatty meats, fried foods and chips.

First Day

Breakfast: 2 boiled eggs, 2 tomatoes, and one cup of green tea with no sugar.

Lunch: 2 egg whites, 120 g of boiled o baked fish, and one glass of green tea.

Snack: 1 apple

Dinner:  Steamed carrots, broccoli, cauliflower, green beans, peas etc. with one cup of green tea.

Second Day

Breakfast: 2 boiled eggs, 1 banana and 1 cup of green tea.

Lunch: 2 egg whites, 120 g boiled chicken without skin and one glass of green tea.

Dinner: one slice of rusk, 120 g cottage cheese and one cup of low fat milk.

Third Day

Breakfast: 2 boiled eggs and one glass of tomato juice

Lunch: 2 egg whites, 120 g of cooked red meat and one cup of green tea.

Dinner: 2 baked potatoes, lettuce and one glass of green tea.

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Via - simpleside.net

Avocado Smoothies-Best Benefits!

Avocado Smoothie Recipe!

Ingredients:

  • 3 tablespoons fresh cold milk
  • 1 ripe avocado
  • A cup of ice cubes

Method:

Combine all fixings in a nourishment processor and mix till it transforms into a smooth blend; fill a tall glass and serve.

Health Benefits of Avocado Smoothies

Since you know that it is so natural to throw together an avocado smoothie, it’s a great opportunity to discover how the smoothie could really help you. Here we’ve recorded down a portion of the best medical advantages avocado smoothies bring to the table.

  • Better Eye Health
  • Blood Pressure Control
  • A Happy Heart
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Via - http://bit.ly/2hd4aX1

7 Fast and Safely Ways to Lose Water Weight!

The human body contains around 60% water, which assumes a key part in all parts of life.

Nonetheless, abundance water maintenance (edema) is a typical reaction of perpetual aggravation.

Otherwise called liquid maintenance, edema can be caused by sustenance bigotries, less than stellar eating routine, poison introduction and ailments like kidney disappointment.

Be that as it may, it can in any case adversely affect your appearance and personal satisfaction.

Here are 7 approaches to decrease water weight quick and securely:

#1. Stress Less

Long haul stress can expand the hormone cortisol, which specifically impacts liquid maintenance and water weight.

This may happen on the grounds that anxiety and cortisol increment a hormone that controls water adjust in the body, known as the antidiuretic hormone or ADH.

On the off chance that you control your anxiety levels, you will keep up an ordinary level of ADH and cortisol, which is essential for liquid adjust and long haul wellbeing and malady chance.

#2. Sleep More

Research on rest features that it’s similarly as imperative as eating routine and exercise .

Rest may likewise influence the thoughtful renal nerves in the kidneys, which direct sodium and water adjust.

Expect to get a sound measure of rest every night, which for most people will be around 7–9 hours.

#3. Exercise on a Regular Basis

Exercise might be extraordinary compared to other approaches to diminish water weight temporarily. Any type of it expands sweat, which implies you will lose water.

Another great alternative to build sweat and water misfortune is the sauna, which you could include after your exercise center session.

#4. Manage Salt Intake

Sodium, which you acquire every day from salt, is a standout amongst the most widely recognized electrolytes in the human body.

It assumes a noteworthy part in hydration levels. On the off chance that levels are too low or too high, it will prompt uneven characters inside the body and along these lines liquid maintenance.

#5. Take a Magnesium Supplement

Magnesium is another key electrolyte and mineral. It has as of late turned into an exceptionally prevalent supplement for wellbeing and games execution.

Research in regards to magnesium has been broad and demonstrates that it has more than 600 parts inside the human body.

#6. Drink More Water

Curiously, being very much hydrated can really diminish water maintenance.

Your body is continually endeavoring to accomplish a sound adjust, so on the off chance that you are always got dried out your body has a tendency to hold more water trying to keep water levels from ending up noticeably too low.

#7. Change Your Habits

A standout amongst other changes you can make is to decrease your admission of prepared nourishments and over the top salt utilization.

Additionally, abstain from sitting throughout the day or for long stretches, which can lessen your blood flow. Physical action can enhance flow and enable you to sweat out abundance water.

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Via - http://bit.ly/2hd4aX1

Healthful Cooking – The Healthiest Cooking Methods

There are plenty of ways to cook up juicy and flavorful food without adding tons of unnecessary extras. While most people know to ditch the fryer when cooking up healthy meals, many don’t think about how their cooking method affects the nutritional make-up of their entrĂ©e.

Heat can break down and destroy 15 to 20 percent of some vitamins in vegetables — especially vitamin C, folate, and potassium. And as you'll see below, some methods are more detrimental than others! (This is why raw foodists cut out cooking altogether, claiming that uncooked food maintains all of it’s nutritional value and supports optimal health.)

But other studies suggest certain foods actually benefit from cooking. With carrots, spinach, and tomatoes, for example, heat facilitates the release of antioxidants by breaking down cell walls, providing an easier passage of the good guys from food to body.

Healthiest Cooking Methods

Microwaving

Healthful Cooking - The Healthiest Cooking Methods

Nuking may be the healthiest way to cook because of its short cooking times, which results in minimal nutrient destruction. Microwaves cook food by heating food from the inside out. They emit radio waves that “excite” the molecules in food (read: make them move all round), which generates heat, cooking the food. While microwave cooking can sometimes cause food to dry out, that can easily be avoided by splashing the item with a bit of water before heating, or placing a wet paper towel over the top of your dish.

Regardless, the way that microwaves cook food nixes the need to add extra oils (bonus points!). The best part is, you can microwave just about anything, from veggies and rice to meat and eggs (and studies suggest it may just be one of the best ways to preserve nutrients in veggies). Just make sure to use a microwave-safe container! Interested in getting an extra-big dose of vitamin C? One study suggests microwaving broccoli is the best way to preserve the C in our favorite green veggie.

Boiling

Healthful Cooking - The Healthiest Cooking Methods

Boiling is quick, easy, and needs nothing but water and a touch of salt. (Oh, and whatever food you’re cooking.) But in addition to the high temperatures, the large volume of water dissolves and washes away water-soluble vitamins and 60 to 70 percent of foods' minerals ! While this method can dissolve vitamins and minerals in some foods (especially vegetables), research actually suggests boiling could be the best way to preserve nutrients in carrots, zucchini, and broccoli (when compared to steaming, frying, or eating raw).

Steaming

Healthful Cooking - The Healthiest Cooking Methods

Cooking anything from fresh veggies to fish fillets allows them to cook in their own juices and retain all that natural goodness. (Again, no need for fat-laden additions to up the moisture!) It’s always good to add a little seasoning first, whether that’s a sprinkle of salt or a squeeze of lemon juice. If the carcinogen-fighting glucosinolates in broccoli are important to you, some research suggests steaming could be the best way to cook the little green trees. In the body, glucosinolates become compounds called isothiocyanates, which some studies suggest inhibit the growth of cancer cells .

Poaching

Healthful Cooking - The Healthiest Cooking Methods

The same goes for boiling’s cousin, poaching — no additives. Basically, poaching means cooking the given food in a small amount of hot water (just below boiling point). It takes slightly longer (which some experts believe can decrease nutrient retention), but is a great way to gently cook delicate foods like fish, eggs, or fruit. (Plus, it’s just about the most delicious way to cook an egg in our books.)

Broiling

Healthful Cooking - The Healthiest Cooking Methods

Broiling entails cooking food under high, direct heat for a short period of time. Broiling is a great way to cook tender cuts of meat (remember to trim excess fat before cooking!), but may not be ideal for cooking veggies, as they can dry out easily.

Grilling

Healthful Cooking - The Healthiest Cooking Methods

In terms of getting maximum nutrition without sacrificing flavor, grilling is a great cooking method. It requires minimal added fats and imparts a smoky flavor while keeping meats and veggies juicy and tender. While these are definitely healthy benefits, not everything about grilling is so peachy. Some research suggests that regularly consuming charred, well-done meat may increase risk of pancreatic cancer and breast cancer. Cooking at high heat can also produce a chemical reaction between the fat and protein in meat, creating toxins that are linked to the imbalance of antioxidants in the body and inflammation, which can lead to an increased risk of diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

This doesn’t mean BBQs are forbidden — just stick with lean cuts of meat that require less cooking time, and keep dark meats on the rarer side.

Stir-frying

Healthful Cooking - The Healthiest Cooking Methods

While this method does require some oil in the pan, it should only be a moderate amount — just enough to get a nice sear on your meat and veggies. It’s effective for bite-sized pieces of meat, grains like rice and quinoa, and thin-cut veggies like bell peppers, julienned carrots, and snow peas.

No Cooking!

Healthful Cooking - The Healthiest Cooking Methods

Raw food diets have gained tons of attention recently, and for good reason. Many studies suggest there are of benefits of incorporating more raw foods into the diet: Studies have shown eating the rainbow consistently reduces the risk of cancer, but the jury’s out on whether raw or cooked is really best overall . Plus, since the diet is mostly plant-based, more vitamins, minerals, and fiber are consumed overall, with no added sugars or fats from cooking. And while some raw items might be super-healthy, studies have found that cooking can actually amplify some nutrients, like lycopene in tomatoes and antioxidants in carotenoids such as carrots, spinach, sweet potatoes, and peppers.

Healthful Cooking - The Healthiest Cooking Methods

Source: greatist.com

7 Healthy Nutrients to Help Manage Menopause

If you are reading this article, the chances are you are either experiencing menopause, or you want to be prepared for when the time comes. As a woman, you are probably already informed about the process of menopause, but do you know how important the diet is during menopause to maintain a healthy life?

Menopause is a natural process that takes its role in every woman’s life. During the menopause, the ovaries stop releasing eggs and as a result of their malfunction there is a hormonal change. The levels of estrogen and progesterone are decreased that causes certain symptoms to occur. The most common symptoms are hot flashes, weight gain, dry skin, irritability and depression, decreased bone health, decreased libido, trouble sleeping, etc.


Do you know how a proper diet can make the menopause more bearable?
It is no secret that by eating certain food and avoiding certain products, you can help yourself to go through the menopause more easily. In the following, we will reveal the nutrients that are recommended by doctors all over the world, as well as, the products you need to avoid during menopause.

Calcium

Calcium is found in dairy products, canned fish, green beans, broccoli, almonds and etc. In the daily intake, at least 1,200 milligrams of calcium are recommended to be taken during menopause. As we said, during menopause one of the main symptoms is decreased bone health. This increases the risk of osteoporosis. Eating high-calcium products daily will help naturally to increase the level of calcium and prevent osteoporosis.

Iron

7 Healthy Nutrients to Help Manage Menopause

Iron is found in meat, oysters, nuts, eggs, beans, lentils and etc. In your daily intake, at least 8 milligrams of iron are recommended to be taken during menopause. Your body’s need for iron decreases during menopause, but you still need to include it in your diet daily to help maintain healthy oxygen-carrying red blood cells in your body.

Fruits

You can choose from a variety of seasonal fruit, in order to reach your daily intake of at least 1 ½ cups of fruit. Eating fresh fruit will help you to decrease tiredness, which is a common symptom of menopause. Fruits contain many vitamins – A, B1, B2, B6, C, E, K, niacin, potassium, calcium, phosphorus and etc. which shows their importance to maintaining your health.

Vegetables

7 Healthy Nutrients to Help Manage Menopause

Vegetables are important as well as fruit. Choose from the variety of seasonal vegetables to reach you daily intake of at least 2 cups of vegetables in your everyday lives. Vegetables are low in fat and calorie, contain vitamin A and vitamin C, potassium, folate, dietary fiber and none of the vegetables contain cholesterol, which makes them the ideal food group for a healthy diet, not only during menopause but throughout life as well.

Soy

Soy is a known phytoestrogen (estrogen compounds that increase the estrogen effect in the body, helping to maintain a little more hormonal balance), a product that is considered to reduce the menopause symptoms, especially hot flashes.

Fiber

7 Healthy Nutrients to Help Manage Menopause

To increase the level of fiber in your diet, you need to increase your daily intake of pears, blackberries, raspberries, avocado, whole-wheat pasta, oatmeal, peas, broccoli, Brussel sprouts, black beans, lima beans and etc. The recommended intake of fibers in your daily diet is about 21 grams. Eating high-fiber food will help to lower cholesterol, manage stress, and boosts the energy level.

Water

Water is one of the essential nutrients which will help you to maintain your health and manage many of the symptoms during menopause. It will help with dry skin and vaginal dryness, caused by the decreased level of estrogen. Also, it will reduce bloating which occurs with the reduced level of estrogen as well. Just follow the rule that says at least eight glasses of water every day!

But there are also products which need to be avoided as often as you can. During menopause, it is important to stay away from alcohol, tobacco, caffeine, spicy food, and sugar. These products increase the risk of osteoporosis, mood swings, tiredness, and urinary incontinence.

Why are menopause supplements necessary?

In most cases, along with a healthy diet, there is a need for supplements to be included. There are many top Menopause supplements come in many forms.

Calcium

7 Healthy Nutrients to Help Manage Menopause

As we said before, calcium is crucial, especially during menopause when it helps to reduce the risk of osteoporosis. But, if you do not meet your recommended intake of calcium through your diet, the doctor will probably recommend you a calcium supplement. However, you need to make sure to get informed about all the pros and cons of calcium supplements, since calcium supplements have already been related to increased risk of heart attack.

Vitamin D

Vitamin D is helpful for bone health, as well as, reduced risk of heart attack, hypertension, asthma, strokes, and possible breast cancer. At least 75 percent of the people suffer from a deficiency of vitamin D. That is way there is a need for vitamin D supplement to be included in the diet of women who suffer from menopause.

7 Healthy Nutrients to Help Manage Menopause

Source: beliefnet.com

Pears Health Benefits and Nutrition Facts

Pears Health Benefits and Nutrition Facts

While there are nearly 4,000 recorded types of pear trees, the majority are strictly ornamental, leaving only 30 or so as edible. From the Rosacea family, which includes many other fruits (some which seem completely unlike pears) such as cherries, raspberries, and even almonds, edible pears come in two basic varieties: Asian and European. Asian varieties generally offer a firm, crisp texture, while the European type becomes soft and juicy when allowed to ripen.

From the stem down, most pears are narrower at the top than at the bottom. The color can range from yellow to red to rust.

Pears Health Benefits and Nutrition Facts

While one of the most satisfying aspects of eating a pear is the lusciously sweet flavor, there's also the curiously grainy texture that helps make this fruit so distinctive. While this may make it more difficult to determine maturity, you'll know your pears are ripe and ready to eat when they give in to slight thumb pressure. To slow the ripening process and preserve the optimal nutrients, pears can be refrigerated for a few days.

Whatever type you use, pears are excellent for snacking, adding to garden salads, mixing with other fruits such as pineapples, peaches, or mangoes for a fruit salad. Overripe pears can be used in cooking and baking.

Pears Health Benefits and Nutrition Facts

Pears Health Benefits

While pears can't boast of any impressive amount of any one nutrient, they do contain a wide array of both vitamins and minerals. In minerals, pears contain good amounts of copper, iron, potassium, manganese, and magnesium , along with B-vitamins like folates, riboflavin, and pyridoxine (vitamin B6). This translates to lowered incidences of painful colitis, arthritis, gallbladder disorders, and gout.

Pears contain 12 percent and 10 percent of the daily value, respectively, in vitamin C, good for fighting infection throughout the body, and vitamin K, for building and maintaining bone strength.   

What pears don't have is almost as important: They're completely fat-free, but the fiber content eclipses all of this fruit's other attributes with 22 percent of the daily recommended value. Added to this is that as a nutrient-dense food, eating a pear is a great option when you're looking for a way to limit your fat and calorie intake – a good way to make you feel fuller longer, which helps you watch your weight.

The hydroxycinnamic and hydroxybenzoic acid content in pears is linked with stomach and lung cancer prevention. Boron, another ingredient, is needed to not only bolster the calcium in our bodies, but also to help prevent osteoporosis. Flavonols such as quercetin, and carotenoids like lutein and zeaxanthin, together provide additional health benefits like lowered cancer, type 2 diabetes, and heart disease risks.

Pears Health Benefits and Nutrition Facts

As good as pears are for you, the peeling is even better with nearly quadruple the phytonutrients, including beta-carotene, lutein, and zeaxanthin. Along with vitamin C and A, these compounds help keep the body protected from harmful free radicals.

The gritty texture you get in your mouth when you take a bite? It grabs on to cancer-causing toxins and chemicals in your colon, essentially scouring them from your gut as they pass through, making for a pretty efficient way to dispose of them. Loaded with free radical-neutralizing antioxidants, pears are also high on the Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity (ORAC) list – green pears with 2,201 and red Anjou pears with 1,746.

However, consume pears in moderation because they contain fructose, which may be harmful to your health in excessive amounts.

Pears Health Benefits and Nutrition Facts

Studies on Pears

Research has determined that it's the variety of pear rather than its maturity that determines the phenolic strength. The caffeic acid derivatives catechin, epicatechin, and quercetin were the most prominent.

Eating more anthocyanin-rich fruits – specifically pears – was found to be significantly associated with a lower risk of type 2 diabetes.

Death from head and neck cancers (cancers of the mouth, pharynx, and larynx) is number six on the scale of highest cancer mortality rate worldwide, which exceeds 350,000 deaths annually. One study supported the premise that eating fruits and vegetables is linked to a reduced risk of these types of cancers.

Pears Health Benefits and Nutrition Facts

Pears Fun Facts

The first mention of pears is pinpointed to Southeast Asian regions. They were first cultivated in Europe around 1000 B.C. Asian pears were cultivated in China as early as 1134 B.C. From these, European pears were developed in around 1,000 B.C. North American pear trees weren't planted until 1620 in the Massachusetts Bay colony.

Pears Health Benefits and Nutrition Facts

Summary

Of the 4,000 pear tree varieties, only 30 are edible. Of those are two types, the firmer, crispier Asian pear and the juicier European cultivars, both provide a wide array of vitamins, minerals such as copper, iron, potassium, manganese and magnesium, several B vitamins, healthy acids and powerful polyphenols, as well as the vitamins C, A, and K.   

The health benefits of pears include the ability for your body to fight infection, diabetes, cancer, colitis, arthritis, osteoporosis, gallbladder disorders, and gout. Pears are exceptionally high in fiber, which keeps your system regulated.

With all this going for them, it's no surprise that Homer's Odyssey referred to pears as a "gift from the gods."

Pears Health Benefits and Nutrition Facts

Source foodfacts.mercola.com

10 Best First Foods for Babies

best first food for babies

Are you a mom of a young baby wondering what should be the first baby food for your little one? Questions start popping on your mind as soon as you know that your baby is ready to try something different than the breast milk. What’s very important to understand here is that processed food from a factory is not a healthy food for your baby. Healthy food for babies is a topic we can’t ignore. Baby’s small body can be more affected by bad food than a body of an adult person.We all agree with the fact that the healthiest baby food is the breast milk full of fatty acids, antibodies, nutrients, and proteins. Studies also show that breastfeeding is not only good for the baby, but also for the mother. It decreases the risk of cancers (breast, ovarian, cervical, endometrial) and lowers the incidence of postpartum depression.

10 best first baby foods

There are lots of healthy first baby foods available out there, but we can talk about the ones who are highly recommendable for the health of the babies. Before introducing solid food to your baby talk to the pediatrician about your baby’s readiness for solids, when to start and which foods are the best. When start feeding the baby with a new food, wait at least three days between each new product. Waiting between two new foods is needed to check if your baby has any allergic reaction.

Best First Baby Foods

1.Banana

Banana is a classic first baby food used the world over. Bananas are rich in potassium, magnesium, Vitamin B6, calcium, and iron. Also, the banana is a soft-meat fruit easy to mash and serve. Its nutrients are more than useful for the growth of your baby. However, there is solid research into the benefits of banana as the first solid food your baby should try.

In the research, a little less than five hundred bottle-fed infants who were either underweight or had complicating illnesses were fed mashed banana as a compliment to their bottle feed. The feeding started at six weeks and improvements in the weight and health of the babies were considerable. While the reasons are still unknown, the researchers argued that because the banana is so easily digestible, it acted as an ideal first food to train the gut to adjust to solid foods, and improved the gut’s ability to absorb nutrients.

The researchers also noted a fall in gastrointestinal upsets and that infants fed banana after a bout of diarrhea digested the fruit with ease without stomach issues returning. (1)

Suggestion: Make a banana puree. Or even better, make a smoothie out of banana puree, peach chunks, and yogurt.

2.Avocado

More and more mothers all over the world are advised to feed their babies with avocado because of its nutritional values that help the development of the brain.

The avocado is among those rare foods that contain more healthy fats than carbohydrates. Likewise, the fruit has plenty of essential minerals such as potassium and calcium. The fatty fruit-vegetable is rich in healthy unsaturated fats very similar by its composition to the breast milk. This super food boosts the baby’s immune system and helps it grow faster.

Avocado provides the body with niacin, Vitamins K, B, and A.

Suggestion: Mash the avocado and make a baby guacamole.

3.Blueberries

Blueberries are another great first baby food. The deep blue color of blueberries comes from flavonoids that benefit your baby’s brain, eyes, and urinary tract. Blueberries are one of the healthiest fruits full of antioxidants that help the body develop properly and keep it healthy.

Suggestion: Blend blueberries and add a spoon full of the purple juice in a yogurt. Don’t give your baby a pure blueberry juice because it’s too strong for its stomach.

4.Broccoli

Broccoli may not sound like a perfect baby food to you, but the fact is that all cruciferous veggies contain big amounts of fiber, folate, and calcium and all of these nutrients are crucial for your baby’s health. The best thing you can do is to introduce broccoli to your little one since the early age and develop his taste for green vegetables. This way you’ll make sure your baby grows into a healthy person with healthy eating habits.

Suggestion: Steam the broccoli until it becomes soft, cut it into small pieces and let it cool. Some babies prefer the taste of cold food.

5.Egg yolk

From the age of five or six months, you can start feeding your baby one egg yolk per day. Egg yolk is full of essential nutrients such as amino acids, Vitamin A, and iron. Also, egg yolk is an excellent source of healthy fat, cholesterol, and choline which is good for the eyes and the brain development.

Suggestion: You can crush a hard boiled yolk and mix it with yogurt. For even tastier option scramble the egg yolk in a pan with a 1/3 table spoon of coconut butter.

6.Meat

Red meat is rich in protein, zinc, and iron, which is crucial for its growth. Lack of iron in the blood causes anemia, and you don’t want that for your baby. Dark meat poultry is also a healthy food choice for your baby.

Suggestion: Cook 1/2lb of turkey with three tablespoons of water until it becomes very soft. Blend the meat to make a puree and serve it with sweet potato or apricot puree.

7.Prunes

Dried plums or prunes are soft, sweet, and contain fiber good for the baby’s intestines. Prunes will help baby’s stomach keep going and avoid constipation, which is very common in babies after introduced to solids. As the food changes, the baby’s system changes too, so add pureed prunes in the diet to avoid stomach problems.

Suggestion: Serve pureed prunes as a sweetener to oatmeal or applesauce.

8.Sweet potatoes

Research conducted into low-income households and the diets of the infants showed that most infants were given cereal based foods to compliment their bottle or breast feed. The research argued that solely relying on cereal based foods restricts the availability of certain nutrients such as iron, calcium and zinc which are crucial to development.

The researchers found that by substituting sweet potato as the initial complimentary food for the infant, the macronutrients (protein, fat, and carbohydrate), gross energy, and fructose in the sweet potato diet was far superior to the cereal based foods (2).

Sweet potatoes are rich in beta-carotene, vitamin C, and minerals, including iron and copper. They are soft and sweet, and babies love their texture. Sweet potatoes are a perfect example of a healthy baby food full of nutrients.

Suggestion: Make a sweet potato puree and serve it alone or with a meat puree.

9.Yogurt

Yogurt is known for being a probiotic. This means that it contains many different types of ‘good’ bacteria. When a baby is born, its gut bacteria is effectively a clean slate with very little biodiversity. Over the first few months, the babies gut soon becomes colonized by the bacteria that the baby is exposed to.

The gut bacteria slowly develops into a thriving ecosystem that has huge benefits for the body’s general health as an infant but also later on in life. In fact, there are many diseases associated with poor gut bacteria. Indeed poor quality gut bacteria has also been linked to adult obesity as well as other environment related ailments.

Adding certain probiotics such as yogurt to a baby’s diet is a great way of setting the infants gut bacteria off down the right track and giving your infant the best head start in life.

Babies can start eating yogurt from the age of 4 months. Yogurt is rich in calcium and Vitamin D that help in bone and teeth formation. It’s recommendable to give your baby full-fat yogurt before you start feeding it with cow milk. Opt for yogurt brands with no sugar added.

Suggestion: You can serve yogurt on its own or mix it with fruit purees or mashed avocado.

10. Apples

The American Academy of Pediatrics conducted research into which fruits American children most prefer to eat and the clear winner was the apple. (3)

If you are introducing solids for the first time, few babies in my experience have ever turned down/refused apple puree and as such, it makes a great first food for baby.

The health benefits of apples are numerous and this wonderful fruit is packed with rich nutrients such antioxidants, minerals like potassium, sodium, calcium, manganese, iron, magnesium as well as fiber and vitamins (4,5). It really is a superfood for your baby.

However, there is a word of caution. The popularity of apple as a first baby food is probably because it is sweet and all humans naturally prefer sweeter foods at such a young age. If you want to ensure your child has a broad pallet and likes to eat more savory foods, then restricting the number of apple meals is probably wise.

Do’s

  • Do start feeding your baby with avocado as the first solid food.
  • Do make sure you puree well the food. The baby likes it almost liquid.
  • Do store the purees in ice cube trays

Don’ts  

  • Research conducted into food high in nitrates recommends that foods such as green beans, carrots, spinach, squash, beets, be avoided before three months of age.
  • Don’t compare your baby’s reactions to solid foods to another baby.
  • Don’t rush with food preparation.
  • Don’t give your baby a new food every day.

Remember, your baby will develop a taste for healthy food depending on what you’re feeding it. So, be a responsible parent and do your best by following these tips.

Food Fraud – 20 Fake Foods You’re Probably Eating

So many foods we buy and consume aren’t what they claim to be – a practice known as food fraud. Any sort of intentional substitution, addition, tampering, or misrepresentation of a food, its ingredients, or its packaging can be considered fraud.

While some of these deceptive items are relatively rare, other imitation and imposter products are all around us. Keep reading to discover 20 of the most fraudulent foods you may be buying!

1. Olive Oil

This Mediterranean favorite is high in good fats and antioxidants, and brings a number of health benefits.

However, chances are the olive oil you buy isn’t true to its label. It has been reported by Forbes that 80% of the Italian olive oil on the market is fraudulent. In most cases you’re getting a lesser quality than what’s labeled – regular oil instead of extra virgin for example.

At worst, it’s a vegetable oil such as corn or sunflower cleverly disguised with artificial coloring and aroma!

2. Milk

According to a 2014 Congressional Research Service report, milk and dairy products are among the top foods associated with food fraud.

For example, some cow milk has been found to have the milk of other animals added to it, and in certain cases it has been adulterated with reconstituted milk powder, starch, lard, urea, oil, sugar, salt, and skim milk powder.

3. Chocolate Milk

Food Fraud - 20 Fake Foods You're Probably Eating

This sweetened dairy product is often sold as a great post-workout recovery drink. But it may be better to make your own rather than pick one off the shelves.

If you take a second glance at the label of some of these ‘milks’, you’ll see they are called ‘chocolate drinks’ – precisely as they aren’t made from milk. They do, however, provide plenty of high fructose corn syrup, artificial flavors, corn syrup solids, palm oil, salt, soy lecithin, and some dry milk powders and milk proteins.

4. Green Tea

A comforting and healing drink, green tea always seems like a healthy option, right? But it really depends on your source.

If you make your green tea from tea leaves and water then it’s a fantastic option, but if you find it pre-prepared on the shelves of the grocery store, it’s probably not a good idea.

Some brands contain 10 ingredients, 21g sugar (almost as much as a soda), flavors, caramel coloring, and plenty of extracts, including a green tea extract.

5. Coffee

This caffeinated drink is another vulnerable item when it comes to food fraud. Ground coffee can be cut with leaves, twigs, roasted corn, ground roasted barley, and even roasted ground parchment.

Instant coffee can include chicory, cereals, caramel, parchment, starch, malt, and figs!

Clearly, buying whole beans and grinding them at home may be the best option.

6. Saffron

Food Fraud - 20 Fake Foods You're Probably Eating

As one of the world’s most expensive spices – more expensive than gold in fact – saffron is a rare treat for most. Don’t be tempted by cut-price saffron though! It has likely been mixed with glycerin, sandalwood, food dyes, or barium sulfate.

Other saffron doppelgangers include marigold or calendula flowers, turmeric, poppy petals, and colored corn silk fiber.

7. Truffle Oil

A foodie favorite, truffle oil isn’t actually flavored with real truffles.

The New York Times reports that most are concocted from a mixture of olive oil and several aromatic compounds such as 2,4-dithiapentane, which have been created in a laboratory.

8. Instant Mashed Potatoes

Boxed, mashed potatoes are far from their healthy, whole-food cousins. While their first ingredient may be dehydrated potato flakes, the list doesn’t end there.

They also contain preservatives, partially hydrogenated cottonseed oil, flavorings, sodium acid pyrophosphate, and butter oil…among other things.

9. Peanut Butter

Food Fraud - 20 Fake Foods You're Probably Eating

The best peanut butters, which you’ll find in health food stores, contain just one or two ingredients – peanuts, and perhaps a pinch of salt. Unfortunately, the majority of supermarket brands contain a lot more than that – making them far from peanut butter in the traditional sense.

Check labels and you’ll soon notice scary extras like palm oil, sugar, agave syrup, fully hydrogenated vegetable oils, maltodextrin, magnesium oxide, niacinamide, ferric orthophosphate, copper sulfate, and pyridoxine hydrochloride.

10. Lemonade

Sweet, sour and refreshing all at once, lemonade typically includes fresh lemon juice, sugar and water.

Some lemonade brands, though, give you a little more than you bargained thanks to a barrage of additives. And others don’t even contain lemons!

Instead, you’ll find things like sugar, fructose (a.k.a. more sugar), maltodextrin, natural flavor, sodium acid pyrophosphate, sodium citrate, soy lecithin, and artificial yellow dye to give your drink a lemony hue.

11. Blueberry Cereals and Pancakes

Berries are loaded with antioxidants and other nutrients – but they’re expensive to buy, which is why they are so often faked in foods.

While words and images may lead you to believe real berries were used, a whole host of cereals, pancake mixes, waffles, breads, muffins and more actually don’t contain any of these fruits!

Natural News reports that blueberries are frequently manufactured from sugar, corn syrup, starch, hydrogenated oil, artificial flavors, and artificial food dye blue No. 2 and red No. 40.

12. Maple Syrup

Food Fraud - 20 Fake Foods You're Probably Eating

Real maple syrup is a delicious alternative to refined sugar – but just make sure you are buying a good quality syrup that has been harvested from a maple tree and graded based on color.

If your syrup is labeled ‘maple flavored’ or ‘pancake syrup’, it’s not the real deal. This cheaper alternative is made from high-fructose corn syrup blended with a variety of chemical colors and artificial flavors.

13. Butter Spray

‘Buttered’ popcorn is yet another misnomer. Your popcorn is likely coated in an artificial creation consisting of soybean oil, salt, sweet cream buttermilk, xanthan gum, soy lecithin, polysorbate 60, lactic acid, potassium sorbate, calcium disodium EDTA, and natural coloring.

Some brands also contain diacetyl, a chemical which in large doses is linked to Alzheimer’s disease; and even gluten, which is a concern for Celiacs and the gluten intolerant.

14. Cheese Products

Food Fraud - 20 Fake Foods You're Probably Eating

Fake cheese is everywhere! It comes as slices, sauces, sprays, shreds and more. Along with oils, cultures and protein concentrates, these cheese analogues are made with a whole list of unnecessary ingredients including sodium phosphate, calcium phosphate, lactic acid, sodium alginate, autolyzed yeast extract, sorbic acid, and artificial colors.

In the UK, 19 out of 20 take-out restaurants were found to serve pizzas containing fake cheese, while Dutch news reports claim that up to 40% of cheese on their shelves is actually imitation.

15. Fruit Juices

They’re not the healthiest choice when it comes to rehydrating, thanks to their high sugar, low fiber combination. But some fruit juices may be worse than we thought.

For example, the Food Fraud Database is filled with reports of orange juices containing ingredients like grapefruit juice, mandarin juice, marigold extract, sugar, high-fructose corn syrup, cane sugar hydrolysates, beet sugar hydrolysates, MSG, and sodium benzoate fortified orange pulp-wash!

16. Honey

Tests carried out by Food Safety News found that most products labeled ‘honey’ on the shelves of US supermarkets weren’t actually honey, because the presence of pollen is necessary in order to label a product as honey.

These tests showed that pollen was missing in 100% of honey samples from drugstores and fast food outlets, and in over 75% of grocery store samples.

Pollen is only filtered out to hide the source of the honey, which is almost always China – a country which loads its poor quality honey with high-fructose corn syrup, sweeteners, chemicals, and antibiotics.

Be vigilant when it comes to Manuka honey too! Only 2,000 to 3,000 tons of genuine Manuka honey is made every year, yet three times that much is allegedly sold around the world.

17. Chocolate Chip Cookies

Food Fraud - 20 Fake Foods You're Probably Eating

Look closely at your favorite cookie brand – if you see the term ‘chocolate chip flavored cookies’, they don’t contain real chocolate!

The FDA requires that real chocolate contains cocoa butter, but many cookie manufacturers cut costs by substituting vegetable oils such as partially hydrogenated palm kernel oil – a trans-fat.

18. Caramel Syrup

This sweet and sticky treat may look and taste somewhat like caramel, but it’s far from it.

Caramel syrup of this nature is manufactured from high fructose corn syrup and given its color by heating ammonia and sulfites to form compounds which are known carcinogens. Tests have shown that high doses of these compounds cause tumors on the liver, lungs, and thyroid of rats and mice.

19. Whipped Cream

Some light and fluffy whipped cream brands contain an incredible 14 ingredients – the worst being hydrogenated vegetable oil, high fructose corn syrup, artificial flavor, coloring, polysorbate 60, and sorbitan monostearate.

Save money and gain peace of mind by making your own one-ingredient version.

20. Crab Meat

Food Fraud - 20 Fake Foods You're Probably Eating

A popular sushi choice, the California roll actually contains no crab meat at all. The FDA has regulated it must be referred to as ‘imitation crab’ because it’s made from surimi, a blend of various ground fish – the ‘hot-dog of the sea’ as some have dubbed it.

It also usually contains starch, artificial flavors, sodium, and sometimes gluten and MSG!

Crab isn’t the only mislabeled fish you’ll come across. In a two-year analysis by Oceana, it was discovered that one in every three of the 1,215 fish samples tested were incorrectly labeled according to FDA guidelines.

Food Fraud - 20 Fake Foods You're Probably Eating

Source: naturallivingideas.com

How to Get Rid of Peeling Skin on Hands, Palms and Finger Tips

Home Remedies to Get Rid of Peeling Skin on Hands, Palms and Finger Tips

The skin around the palms and fingers is very much delicate and sensitive so it is common that those areas get peeled. If you never try to keep your hands in the proper care then you may suffer this problem of peeling fingertips. It is embarrassing and cause so much discomfort and worry.
Many causes might affect this problem but some of them are dry skin, eczema, sunburn, cold and dry weather, use of harsh chemicals, frequent washing of hands, and allergies. Infections like fungal infections, vitamin deficiencies, staph infections and others.
how to get rid of peeling skin on hands
It is not a big issue if you see the peeling skin on hands, palms and fingertips; it’s a temporary worrier and settled down in few days automatically after the new skin is generated in those areas. If you feel the problem and discomfort regarding the peeling skin then you can apply natural treatments at your own staying at home. Here these are:
1. Warm Water Soak
Soak your hands in warm water for 10 minutes regularly in order to deal with peeling fingertips. You will get two benefits such as the palms and fingertips will become soft and the dry skin will fall off.
If you want better results then you should add some honey and lemon juice to the warm water before soaking the hands in warm water. After that, pat dry your hands and apply some good moisturizer, vitamin E oil. Apply a little amount of olive oil in order to maintain the good moisture level of your hands.
2. Cucumber
  • Take a fresh cucumber and cut it into thick slices. Rub these slices on the affected skin in a gentle manner so the juice gets absorbed well into the skin.
  • You can apply the grated cucumber on the affected skin too for 30 minutes then wash it off with lukewarm water. Repeat the process daily until you satisfied with the results.

Another common ingredient present in your kitchen is oat that is amazing for peeling skin. It effectively removes dead skin cells from your fingers and makes it soft and supple.
  • Take a large bowl filled with warm water and mix a handful of oatmeal powder in it.
  • Soak your hands in this solution for 15 minutes.
  • Wash your hands with clean water then pat dry gently with the help of a soft towel.
  • Apply moisturizer gently.
  • Follow this remedy daily before sleeping at night.
how to get rid of peeling skin on fingertips
4. Coconut Oil
Coconut oil is an excellent remedy for hundreds of skin problems including the peeling of skin. It keeps your skin always moisturized and smooth. Coconut oil has medium chain fatty acids that gets penetrate into your skin immediately and thus it fights against the dryness, itching and flaking. It also acts against the skin infections due to the presence of antifungal and antibacterial properties in it.
Apply coconut oil on your peeling hands and fingertips for certain times a day. Leave it overnight and wash it off in the morning.
Milk is also used in treating the peeling skin. Drink a glass of milk including a little honey in it before sleeping. It will keep you relax all night and will treat the dryness of skin.
Milk is said to be a natural skin moisturizer which readily affects the skin to make it smooth like butter. Use milk with higher fat content for this remedy.
  • Add two tbsp. of milk in one tbsp. of honey. Massage with this mixture on your skin gently. This will hold your skin moisture.
  • Otherwise, you can soak your fingers in warm milk for 10 minutes regularly then wash with water. follow up with a moisture or just vitamin E oil.

6. Aloe Vera
Aloe vera gel is also an excellent remedy for all skin problems. Simply apply aloe vera gel in your peeling areas. Aloe vera contains cooling and soothing properties so it removes the dryness of your skin. It will lock the moisture and protect the skin from various infections.
  • Extract the aloe vera gel from an aloe vera leaf then apply on the affected skin fewer times a day.
  • Drink two tbsp. of aloe vera juice daily.

7. Olive Oil
Olive oil is a great moisturizer for dry skin and thus for peeling hands and fingertips. Soak your fingers in warm olive oil that will moisturize your skin in a deep manner and nourish it. Olive oil has vitamin E in rich content that promote the skin healing.
  • Take one-half cup of extra-virgin olive oil and slightly microwave it.
  • Pour the warm olive oil in a bowl then add three drops of lavender essential oil.
  • Soak the dry fingertips in the warm oil for 10 minutes.
  • Rinse your hands with lukewarm water, pat dry and then finally apply moisturizer.
how to get rid of peeling skin on palms
  • Rub a natural pure honey on the affected skin. Leave for 20 minutes then rinse with lukewarm water.
  • Prepare a mixture of honey and olive oil then apply on the skin to keep it soft and smooth.
  • In a small bowl, add two tbsp. of sandalwood powder, three tsp of rosewater and some honey. Apply on the affected area and leave for 20 minutes then wash off with a mild soap.

9. Mint Juice
Mint juice has cooling and soothing properties. You can use it on your peeling fingertips freely. It works greatly as a moisturizer that prevents the dryness and eczema.
  • Take some fresh mint leaves and extract its juice.
  • Apply the mint juice all over the affected skin before getting to bed.
  • Leave it overnight and wash in the next morning.

10. Banana
The banana pulp can also be beneficial for peeling hands. It’s a great natural moisturizing ingredient for your skin. You can make a paste by combining the banana pulp with sour cream, sugar and olive oil to help your skin heal faster.
  • Mix banana pulp, sour cream, powdered sugar and one tbsp. of olive oil (you can use ripe avocado pulp instead of banana).
  • Apply the mixture on the affected skin for 30 minutes.
  • Wash and pat dry your hands then finally apply some good quality moisturizer.
  • Do this daily for few days.

Additional Tips
  • Drink plenty of water throughout the day and keep your skin hydrated all day long.
  • Protect your hands from sunlight and while working, washing dishes or doing other chores, always wear gloves.
  • Include vitamins in your diet.
  • Moisturize your peeling skin with moisturizer, hand lotion or just vitamin E oil.
  • Do not expose your hands to harsh chemicals.
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how to get rid of peeling skin on hands palms fingertips
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7 Best Hair Growth Oils Available In Market That You Love To Use

7 Best Hair Growth Oils Available In Market That You Love To Use

All of us want a very healthy and lustrous hair. But in reality we suffer from different types of hair problem which makes our hair dull. The most common problem is of ingrown hair problem which caused by lack of nutrition. With a proper diet thus you need a proper hair growth oil to solve your hair problem. Hair oils are the one of the main source which provides required nutrition to our hair. Actually there are so many hair oils available in market. But a very few of them are intended for hair growth. In this article I am sharing such important hair oils which you love to use.

1. Khadi Tulsi Hair Oil

Khadi is a popular cosmetic brand which has a wide range of herbal hair care products. Khadi Tulsi Hair Oil is such a type of hair oil which is too good for stimulating your hair growth. This product is completely paraben free and as it includes only natural ingredients you need not have to worry about your hair. It contains natural ingredients like tulsi, shikakai, karpoor, shankhapuspi, amla and neem. This natural hair oil contains vitamins like A, D and E. Khadi Tulsi Hair Oil not only promotes hair growth, also stops hair fall and prevent minor scalp infections.

2. St. Botanica Hair Vital Oil

This superb hair oil is natural hair oil which came with natural benefits for your hair. This hair oil is basically a mixture of all the natural oils like Jojoba, Almond, Rosemary, Tea Tree, Castor and Olive oil. As it is a combination of all these natural oils it provides your hair all the essential nourishment so that it can grow properly. This St. Botanica Hair Vital Oil is a little bit sticky and available in a spray type bottle for easy use.

3. Parachute Advanced Scalp Therapie Hair Oil

Parachute is a very old and popular company which is famous for production of quality hair oil. Parachute Advanced Scalp Therapie Hair Oil is basically non sticky hair oil which is too good for your hair. This natural formulation is enriched with Hibiscus, Amla and Brahmi extracts. Coconut oil is used as main component of this oil, which is very good for hair growth. Not only that this hair oil is enriched with vitamin B and E. Parachute Advanced Scalp Therapie Hair Oil boosts hair growth and also prevents hair fall. It came in a flip top bottle with an attractive price.

Parachute Advanced Scalp Therapie Hair Oil

4. Khadi Ayurvedic Hair Oil- Rosemary & Henna

Do you ever try this awesome hair oil? If not then you must try it now. This superb hair oil is completely paraben free and made with completely natural ingredients. Thus you do not have to worry with your hair too much. This light hair oil is enriched with the extracts of Henna and Rosemary, both of which are good for any type of hair problem. Regular use of this hair oil stops hair fall problem and boosts up your hair growth. Khadi Ayurvedic Hair Oil- Rosemary & Henna has soothing smell and this formulation is non sticky. This product is free from mineral oil.

Khadi Ayurvedic Hair Oil- Rosemary & Henna

5. Satthwa Hair Oil

This is from a lesser known company but the product is really useful if you are searching for good hair oil which promotes hair growth. Satthwa Hair Oil is completely paraben free and it is so light. Basically it is a combination of 8 natural oils like Grape seed oil, Olive oil, Sweet Almond oil, Emu oil, Jojoba oil, Coconut oil, Castor oil and Amla oil. Not only that, it is also enriched with vitamin E which is important for scalp health and overall health of your hair. Regular use of this hair oil boosts hair growth and helps in re growth of hair. As Amla oil is present thus it also prevents premature hair fall by strengthening the roots.

Satthwa Hair Oil

6. Biotique Bio Bhringraj Hair Oil

Biotique is a popular cosmetic brand which brings a wide range of beauty products made from natural ingredients. Now it brings hair oil for you which are enriched with various natural ingredients. Biotique Bio Bhringraj Hair Oil has a very sweet but light fragrance. Massage it daily in your scalp to reduce the hair fall problem and improving your hair growth. This light hair oil makes your hair silky smooth and manageable. This awesome hair oil strengthens your hair root while promoting hair growth.

Biotique Bio Bhringraj Hair Oil

7. Trichup Oil

Do you ever try Trichup Oil? Trichup hair oil is very effective as it contains lots of natural herbal ingredients in it. This superb hair oil contains coconut oil, bhringaraj, amla, neem, til and gunja. As it contains all these natural ingredients this oil is a little bit sticky. Massage it daily in your scalp to promote hair growth. It provides essential nourishment to the hair roots makes the hair roots strong and thus helps in the growth of your hair.

6 Best EOS Lip Balms Available In The Market

6 Best EOS Lip Balms Available In The Market

Lips Balms aren’t just a repair rescue for women with dry and chapped lips, they are equally necessary for everyone. Dryness can make lips dark and flaky. Sun can lead to the formation of lip lines that ruin the lip texture. Considering how sensitive the lips are, many lip balms are being introduced in the market every year. They are not just a basic skin care product, they are also available in different tints and fragrances. Some are matte, while some have glitters and shimmers. However, whatever the type of the lip balm be, its quality is the main priority. A bad quality lip balm can damage lips equally as sun and pollution can. To help you segregate the best lip balms for your lips, we are introducing you to 6 best EOS lip balms that will make your lips soft, smooth and pink.

1. EOS Evolution Of Smooth Lip Balm Single Pod-Coconut Milk

This is one rescue lip balm for women with dry and dark lips. It is loaded with bulk traces of natural Shea butter, Vitamin E and Vitamin C. Vitamin E and Shea butter moisture the lips and reduce lip lines. They also remove flaking and peeling skin without causing pain, bleeding or irritation. Vitamin C bleaches darkness caused due to dryness and makes the lips pink and plump.

EOS Evolution Of Smooth Lip Balm Single Pod-Coconut Milk

2. EOS Lip Balm Sphere Pomegranate Raspberry

This well packaged lip balm by EOS makes an amazing winter lip balm, because it contains bulk traces of natural Shea butter, jojoba oil and Vitamin E. Vitamin E is an excellent antioxidant that removes sun induced free radicals. It makes lips smooth and removes dryness, darkness and swelling. Jojoba oil and Shea butter hydrate the lips and prevents them from future drying by maintaining their pH level.

EOS Lip Balm Sphere Pomegranate Raspberry

3. EOS Visibly Soft Lip Balm Sphere

This hydrating lip balm by EOS is available in 4 different shades. The most popular and best rated of them all is vanilla mint. This is because, it adds a mild cooling effect when applied on inflamed and irritated dry lips. It is devoid of parabens that makes it an ideal option for women with ultra sensitive lips.

4. EOS Lip Balm Stick

This lip balm comes in 3 flavours, Pomegranate Raspberry, Vanilla bean and Sweet Mint. It reduces lip cracks and hydrates dark and dry lips. It also protects lips from sun damage. It is loaded with the goodness of jojoba oil, Shea Butter and Vitamin E. Vitamin E removes free radicals, and jojoba oil and Shea butter add moisture while exfoliating lips and getting rid of peeling and flaking lip skin.

5. EOS Shimmer Lip Balm

This tinted lip balm comes in two mild hues of pink and pearl. It has a creamy base and a hint of shimmer particles. It is an ideal choice for women who love warm colours and glitters. It contains Shea butter and vitamin E. It also keeps the lips safe from darkening and dullness caused due to sun, weather and pollution. It is devoid of parabens and phthalates.

EOS Shimmer Lip Balm

6. EOS Active Protection Lip Balm

This is a sunscreen lip balm that works as a barrier between sun and lips with its SPF 15 broad spectrum protection. It prevents lips from darkening and dryness caused by sun. It also re-hydrates damaged lips and makes them pink, soft and plump. Since it protects lips from UV damage, it protects and repairs fine lip lines caused due to premature ageing. It is waterproof. Thus, it lasts without melting for over one and a half hour.

EOS Active Protection Lip Balm

The above given 6 lip balms by EOS are one-in-all rescue products for repairing dry and damaged lips without inflaming them. They are reasonably priced and high quality products that are long lasting and super hydrating.

7 Pregnancy Warning Signs That You Should Not Ignore

pregnancy warnings signs

A woman’s body typically undergoes a wide range of changes during pregnancy, which often leads to complaints about discomfort and pain (1). As your body adapts to accommodate your growing baby, you can, unfortunately, expect to experience various discomforts such as leg cramps, constipation, heartburn, hemorrhoids, morning sickness or nausea, mood changes, feeling faint or tired, swollen hands, feet or ankles, wrist pains, abdominal pains and back pains. Many of these symptoms are benign and temporary and can be alleviated by adopting a suitable routine of rest, nutrition, exercise and relaxation (2). However, there are seven pregnancy warning signs that you should not ignore, and if you experience them, you should seek medical attention immediately.

7 pregnancy warning signsAlthough most women experience relatively uneventful and predictable pregnancies and childbirth, each expectant mother is at risk of experiencing abrupt and unexpected complications (3). Each expectant mother and her family should thus be able to differentiate between pregnancy symptoms that require immediate medical attention and those that can be addressed during the upcoming prenatal visit. A clear understanding of what is normal, what is unusual and what constitutes a danger sign is crucial in preventing any adverse outcomes to the expectant mother and unborn child.

Family members should have a shared understanding of a clear emergency plan (which includes a transport plan to the nearest health facility) that can be acted upon if any of the following pregnancy warning signs emerge:

Pregnancy Warning Signs

  1. Bleeding

Bleeding in a relatively common occurrence in many pregnancies; The Royal Women’s Hospital in Australia estimates that one in four women will bleed in early pregnancy, with a majority of them eventually giving birth to a healthy baby (4). Any bleeding during pregnancy can nevertheless be a dangerous sign. As such, you should always contact a health professional once bleeding occurs, so that a suitable investigation and treatment plan can be initiated.

During the very early stages of your pregnancy, it is common to experience harmless light bleeding (known as ‘spotting’), which occurs when the developing embryo plants itself in the wall of your womb (i.e. implantation bleeding) (5). This typically occurs at the time that your first period after conception should have begun. Any early bleeding that did not lead to a miscarriage would not have caused any harm on your baby. The bleeding may also be caused by factors that are unrelated to the pregnancy, such as benign polyps, an infection or changes in the cervix.

Vaginal bleeding that occurs within the first 12 weeks of pregnancy may be a sign of miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy. If a miscarriage is the cause of the bleeding, no course of treatment or therapy can prevent it from taking place. Meeting a health professional is nevertheless required; urgent care may be necessary is the bleeding is heavy, and if it is accompanied by large clots and crampy pains (6).

Another possible cause of vaginal bleeding is an ectopic pregnancy. This occurs when the fetus is growing outside the uterus (commonly in the fallopian tube) (7). Ectopic pregnancies are very rare (between one to two percent of all pregnancies), but can significantly harm your health and fertility. As such, any experience of severe pain and vaginal bleeding should be followed by a consultation with a health professional.

The presence of vaginal bleeding and painful contractions during the third trimester could also be symptoms of a placental abruption, which occurs when the placenta detaches from the wall of the uterus too early (8). The amount of bleeding depends on the extent to which the placenta separates from the uterus wall; heavy bleeding and belly pains often ensues when more than half of the placenta detaches. Placenta abruption can cause serious complications for the baby (e.g. growth restriction due to the lack of oxygen and nutrients), and can even be fatal. The mother, on the other hand, can suffer from significant blood loss.

  1. Severe Nausea and Vomiting

Nausea and vomiting are common symptoms during pregnancy; an estimated 70–80% of pregnant women experience it, typically during the first trimester (9). However, a much smaller percentage of pregnant women (0.3–2%) experience prolonged nausea and vomiting until delivery, which may be caused by hyperemesis gravidarum (HG): a pregnancy complication that can lead to dehydration, nutritional deficiency, fluid, electrolyte and acid-base imbalance, weight loss and significant maternal and fetal morbidity if left untreated (10).

Studies have also found an increased risk for intrauterine growth retardation in women with severe nausea and vomiting during pregnancy, alongside an increased risk for low birth weight in women (this is likely due to the adverse effects of nausea and vomiting on maternal nutrition).

  1. Reduced Fetal Movement

A mother’s perception of fetal movement is one of the initial indicators of fetal life, and a sign of the health and wellbeing of the fetus’ central nervous and musculoskeletal systems. Fetal movement usually becomes perceivable during 18 and 20 weeks of gestation, as a discrete kick, flutter, swish or roll (11). A sudden change or significant reduction in the pattern of fetal movement can be a major clinical sign – possibly indicating an impending fetal death.

55% of pregnant mothers who experienced a stillbirth perceived a reduction in fetal movement before a formal diagnosis, while the lack of an appropriate response from clinicians to maternal reporting of reduced fetal movement was noted to be a common contributory factor in incidents of stillbirth in Norway and the UK (12).

As such, expectant mothers should be aware that while fetal movements typically plateau at 32 weeks of gestation, there is usually no reduction in the frequency of fetal movements in the late third trimester (13). They should thus be perceptive of fetal movements up to and including the onset of labor; any atypical decrease or cessation of fetal movements should be reported to a medical professional or a nurse in her maternity unit.

  1. High Blood Pressure

Hypertension or high blood pressure may develop after 20 weeks of gestation as a one-off event, or as a component of a more complex condition such as pre-eclampsia (14). Pre-eclampsia occurs in one in ten pregnancies (typically during the second half of the pregnancy), or during the first few days after the birth), but usually involves milder forms of its various symptoms: high blood pressure, sudden blurred vision, protein in urine and sudden excessive swelling of the face, hands and feet (15). In certain cases, however, it can lead to serious complications, such as a reduction in blood supply to the placenta (which stifles the baby’s growth) and convulsions (eclampsia). It can also aggravate and affect other parts of the body such as the liver and blood clotting system (HELLP syndrome), which calls for urgent medical attention for the mother and baby.

  1. Acute Abdominal Pain

Abdominal pain is very common during pregnancy (due to the enlargement of the uterus, changes in fetal position, and fetal movements), but a thorough medical evaluation is necessary if it persists past the mid-pregnancy stage. Any localized, abrupt, constant, or severe abdominal pain that is accompanied by nausea and vomiting, vaginal bleeding, or fever is a warning sign that should not be ignored (16). These symptoms should be thoroughly investigated for the possibility of pregnancy complications (e.g. placental abruption and preterm labor), as well as more severe problems that are unrelated to the pregnancy (e.g. gallbladder disease and appendicitis). An obstetric specialist should thus be consulted if acute and severe abdominal pain persists throughout the pregnancy.

  1. Pathological Vaginal Discharge

Vaginal discharge is a common symptom that affects 50% of pregnant women (as well as one-third of women of childbearing age). It arises from the physiological secretions of the cervical and Bartholin’s glands and desquamation of vaginal epithelial cells, as a result of bacterial action in the vagina (17). Vaginal discharge is considered to be abnormal when it is more abundant and involves an unpleasant vaginal odor; pathological vaginal discharge is often accompanied by vulval or vaginal itching, dysuria, and/or dyspareunia (18).

Pathological vaginal discharge is commonly caused by sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and can lead to serious harm to pregnant women and their children (in the form of prematurity, low birth weight, chorioamnionitis, postpartum endometritis, and postcesarean wound infection) (19). The three diseases that are frequently associated with vaginal discharge include Bacterial Vaginosis (caused by an overgrowth of bacteria normally found in the vagina), trichomoniasis (caused by T. vaginalis), and candidiasis (usually caused by Candida albicans) (20).

  1. Flu Symptoms

Flu is far likelier to lead to severe illness in pregnant women, since the changes in the heart, lungs, and immune system during pregnancy makes pregnant women more vulnerable (21). Pregnant women are at risk for hospitalization and even death, while their baby may become subject to premature delivery, as well as birth defects.

As such, the emergence of any flu symptoms (e.g. fever, cough, sore throat, a runny nose or stuffy nose, muscle or body aches, headaches, and fatigue) merits an immediate call to the doctor. If administered in time, antiviral drugs (e.g. oral oseltamivir) can treat the flu and prevent any serious flu complications. The Centre for Disease Control (CDC) recommends prompt treatment for pregnant women with an influenza infection (or who are suspected of an influenza infection) since they are at a high risk of serious flu complications (22).

Do’s and Don’ts

Do

  • Do have a clear plan for getting to hospital if you experience any pregnancy warning signs
  • Ensure family members know the plan and are prepared
  • Do contact your doctor or midwife immediately if you are bothered or concerned about any unusual or discomforting physical changes.
  • Be vigilant to your body and respond promptly to any unexpected complication
  • Eat well, relax, and rest

Don’t

  • Don’t worry too much. Most pregnancies go by without incident and you mustn’t stress too much as stress itself is bad for the baby.